The skin contains millions of pores, and most of them are not visible to human eyes. The pores present on the skin helps in air exchange, maintain body temperature and skin pH balance. The skin is also covered with tiny hairs, and each hair follicle has a pore on the top of it. Open pores are the opening of the oil glands on the physical protective barrier of the body, the skin. The sebaceous gland is present inside the hair follicle, and it releases the oil on the top of the skin and collects it on the skin pore..
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, stress and poor diet can cause enlarged open skin pores. A poor diet can lead to loss of skin elasticity due to a lack of nutrition and collagen production. Stress can cause hormonal imbalance in the body and as a result of this, certain inflammatory chemical changes occur at the cellular level resulting in skin changes like open pores & acne.
As the aging process takes place, less production of elastin and collagen causes the skin to lose its natural stiffness and elasticity. Pollution, UV rays, and gravity also cause the skin to loose its elastic strength. Lack of skin hygiene can cause the skin pores to clog with dead skin cells and dirt, this also results in enlarged skin pores.
There is no such treatment that can close the open pores for permanent, as pores are very much important for regulating the skin balance (oil, pH, temperature, hydration). Various advanced treatments can help to shrink the large open pores. Proper skincare including regular cleansing and exfoliating help in removing the dead skin and dirt build-up and make the pores clean and less obvious/large.
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What causes enlarged open pores?
Enlarged open pores are a major aesthetic concern that gives an irregular appearance and texture and imparts a dull and ugly skin texture. They sometimes also appear like an orange peel or like small pits on the face. Open pores generally occur on the nose, cheeks, and overactive oil glands. Dirt, makeup, oil collection in the pore, causes clogging of the pores. This stretches the pore and makes it look bigger. Increased hair follicle volume, excessive sebum production, sun exposure, sun damage, loss of collagen and elastin production, and aging also causes enlarged open pores. These pores are excessively dilated, and they need to be treated as early as they get clogged with dirt, dead skin cells, bacteria, sebum, and this causes to the formation of acne, pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads.
Sometimes stress, smoking, pollution, genetics, free radical damage, unhealthy lifestyle, poor skincare habits, can give rise to open pores. Enlarged pores are visible to naked eyes and most commonly appear on people with combination skin (more sebum production) and oily skin. A dermatologist can help to reduce or diminish pores effectively.
Effective treatments for treating open pores
Microneedling or Dermal Roller: It is a safe and effective method for skin rejuvenation. Microneedle pen creates controlled micro-injuries, that boosts the skin healing response, stimulate collagen and elastin production, and this makes the skin more tightened and reduces enlarged open pores. Minimal downtime and results can be enhanced with an infusion of essential serum that penetrates into the skin quickly, that are opened up by the microneedling process. The procedure does not require anesthesia, recuperation time involves minimal risk, and provides effective results for all skin types.
Fractional RF: This method uses dermal stamping and radiofrequency. This treatment adds firmness to the skin and also improves the open pores. This method rebuilds collagen and elastin. The heat delivered by the RF method metabolizes the fibers and unhealthy cells; this leads to producing healthy new cells. It also reduces and treats superficial pore size, promote overall skin rejuvenation, and provide even skin tone by targeting deeper layer by stimulating collagen remodeling, and helps in skin tightening (reduce open pores). Minimal downtime and discomfort.
Laser Skin Rejuvenation: The lasers rejuvenate the top layer of the skin make the skin firmer and smoother. This is the fastest method to get rid of open pores by inducing collagen remodeling and elastin production. Collagen provides the skin with volume, elasticity, and a beautiful appearance by reducing the open pores.
Chemical Peel: It is the most simple and effective method that deeply exfoliate the skin and improve texture and tone. The chemical peels are used of different strength includes salicylic, lactic, trichloroacetic acid, that removes the outermost layer of the dead skin, and makes the skin more fresh, soft, healthy. The acid enters inside the sebaceous ducts and reduces the enlarged pores by removing keratin plugs.
Self-care: With good skincare routine, one can make enlarged open pores smaller.
Cleansing and exfoliating is a quick way to reduce open pores as it de-clogs the open pores. Cleansing removes excess dirt, dead skin cells, and oil from the skin, Exfoliation removes the upper skin layer and also brighten the skin tone
- Always use a good face wash. This helps to clean the dirt and remove dead skin cells.
- Apply sunscreen and wear proper clothing before stepping into the sun.
- Avoid unhealthy and canned food, Consume a nutritious and vitamin-rich diet.
- Apply a good quality makeup.
- Follow a healthy skincare routine.
- Drink plenty of water and eat antioxidants rich diet.
- Maintain skin hygiene.
One can consult with a dermatologist or skin specialist to know more about the effective ways and treatment to reduce the appearance of open pores and achieve healthy radiant skin.